Due to its geographical position north of the Sahara and the foothills of the Anti-Atlas, and its proximity to Algeria and Mauritania, the Guelmim Oued-Noun region has long played the role of a crossroads of caravans transiting between the north and south, and also a place of ethnic and cultural mixing favoured by the influx of several Arab and African tribes who have found a favourable environment to coexist with local Berber tribes, thus allowing them to constitute a rich and diversified historical heritage.
In this vast and authentic natural setting, a civilization built by local people has emerged since the protohistoric period, enriched and flourished in all fields during the Islamic era. This explains the growing interest shown by researchers and archaeologists in the region.
Indeed, the research has led to the discovery of more than 270 archaeological and ethnographic sites, including Asrir, presumed place in the city of Noul Lamta, “Tigami Ougallid” (“the Sultan’s house”), a Kasbah of the Al Mohades overlooking the Taghjijt oasis, “Adrar Zerzem” which includes more than 265 inscriptions on stones and the attic “Agadir Id Eissa” in the village of Amtoudi where the research team managed to update a document written on wood dating back to the 14th century.
These discoveries, in addition to their scientific value, constitute a solid basis for the establishment of an evaluation project for this archaeological heritage, which is of great importance and likely to contribute to the socio-economic development of the region.
By integrating other aspects of cultural heritage, namely: art and crafts, traditional and customary rites, folklore, hassani poetry, etc….